Mexican artist attempts to create world’s largest outdoor mural on U.S.-Mexico border wall
By Jean Guerrero | KPBS
November 13, 2017
About ‘America’s Wall’
KPBS and inewsource partnered for this in-depth reporting project we’re calling “America’s Wall.” We were motivated by President Donald Trump’s call to spend billions of dollars to build a longer, more fortified wall along the U.S.-Mexico border.
We wanted to know what that new and improved wall might mean for the people on both sides of the border, and we looked to facts from the past to tell the story.
Using previously undisclosed data from the federal government, we created an interactive map that shows every mile of the current wall along with when it was constructed. We layered that information with illegal immigration patterns and enforcement over the decades.
To read more about this collaboration, click here.
Enrique Chiu climbed a ladder propped against the south side of the U.S.-Mexico border wall on a hill in Tijuana, overlooking the Pacific Ocean. He shook a bottle of spray paint and created yellow lines on the corrugated steel.
“The wall symbolizes lots of things. Sadness, shame, wall of death, wall of solitude,” said the 36-year-old. “But giving it color, giving it life with all the people and good vibes from this side, there won’t be a wall that will limit us, that will detain us, that will make us feel bad.”
The yellow lines Chiu sprayed on the corrugated steel formed an arm, a hand, a pointed finger.
“I’m painting someone pointing that way, toward the ocean, where there are no walls,” he said.
Chiu — who refers to himself as half Mexican, a quarter Chinese and a quarter European — wore thin-rimmed spectacles, a Mexican cowboy hat and a workman’s tool vest flecked with paint. Friends and strangers smeared colors on the fence beside him.
Every weekend since last December, Chiu has gathered people to paint what he hopes will become the world’s largest outdoor mural. Chiu said he aims to cover the entire length of the U.S.-Mexico border fence with his mural someday. So far, it covers 1.4 miles in Tijuana and Tecate. A two-mile mural in Pueblo, Colorado, holds the record.
Enrique Chiu, a Tijuana-based artist, pauses for a moment while preparing to paint the fencing of the wall between the U.S. and Mexico at Friendship Park in Tijuana on Oct. 7, 2017. Chiu is a U.S.-trained artist and has dedicated nearly a year to painting murals on the southern side of the border wall. (Brandon Quester/inewsource)
Sergio Tellez, left, volunteers with Enrique Chiu on Oct. 7, 2017, as they paint the easternmost edge of fencing along the U.S.-Mexico border in Tijuana. Tellez used a paint roller to help remove corroded metal from the fencing before adding a new layer of blue. (Brandon Quester/inewsource)
Luis Marmolejo volunteers with muralist Enrique Chiu on Oct. 7, 2017, to paint the far eastern edge of fencing along the U.S.-Mexico border. With the ocean less than 100 meters away from where the group was painting, Chiu said the saltwater quickly erodes the metal bars that separate the two countries. (Brandon Quester/inewsource)
Enrique Chiu, a Tijuana-based muralist painting the U.S.-Mexico border fence, checks a phone message on Oct. 7, 2017, as tourists and visitors to Friendship Park in Tijuana walk by and watch. (Brandon Quester/inewsource)
From left, Luis Marmolejo, Enrique Chiu and Sergio Tellez, begin painting sections of fencing along the U.S.-Mexico border at Friendship Park in Tijuana on Oct. 7, 2017. Chiu, a muralist, has worked for nearly a year to paint messages of hope in what could become the world’s largest mural. (Brandon Quester/inewsource)
Partially cleaned paint brushes stained with a rainbow of colors sit inside a paint tray at Friendship Park in Tijuana on Oct. 7, 2017. The brushes belong to Enrique Chiu, a Tijuana-based muralist who has worked for nearly a year to paint murals along the southern-facing wall of the U.S.-Mexico border. (Brandon Quester/inewsource)
Enrique Chiu carries a can of blue paint up a ladder that leans against the U.S.-Mexico border wall at Friendship Park in Tijuana on Oct. 7, 2017. Chiu and two volunteers spent the day painting the section of the fence that leads into the Pacific Ocean. (Brandon Quester/inewsource)
Separated by tall steel fencing, Enrique Chiu and two volunteers paint murals along the southern-facing section of fencing that separates the United States and Mexico on Oct. 7, 2017. This section, at Friendship Park in Tijuana, is the easternmost edge of the border that ends in the Pacific Ocean. (Brandon Quester/inewsource)
Enrique Chiu stands on a ladder to paint the U.S.-Mexico border fencing at Friendship Park in Tijuana on Oct. 7, 2017. (Brandon Quester/inewsource)
Enrique Chiu, a Tijuana-based muralist, checks his phone with paint-stained hands while taking a break from his work at Friendship Park in Tijuana on Oct. 7, 2017. (Brandon Quester/inewsource)
Chiu is calling his community project “The Mural of Kinship.” Lured by messages on Facebook, WhatsApp or word of mouth, painters and non-painters, children and adults, Mexicans, Americans and others arrive Saturday and Sunday mornings at a border fence location of Chiu’s choosing to paint animals, verdant landscapes, and words such as “Unity” or “Love.”
There are no rules except one:
“We’re not going to talk bad about anyone., We’re not going to offend anyone. The rule is they must paint something positive,” Chiu said.
The U.S. government built this part of the wall in the 1990s as part of Democratic President Bill Clinton’s Operation Gatekeeper, a border security initiative that focused on the San Diego-Tijuana region. The fence is made of recycled Vietnam War helicopter landing mats.
Chiu said his focus is aesthetic and emotional, not political. He is intrigued by the idea of inverting the fence’s symbolism.
“We know that a wall divides, but we want to create something that unites people. We’re changing what the border wall symbolizes,” he said.
Chiu was born in Guadalajara, Mexico, and obtained a student visa to study art in Long Beach. He returned to Tijuana in 2008 during a wave of cartel violence, with the dream of transforming the city’s reputation. The local economy was suffering, in part because the bloodshed scared away tourists and investors.
Like other artists in Tijuana, Chiu wants Tijuana to be known for its culture rather than its cartels. He has led painting workshops for children as well as various art expositions. The border wall mural, he said, is his most ambitious project.
Now, it could be destroyed. The Trump administration plans to rebuild 14 miles of border fencing, starting with the landing mat fencing at the coast. Chiu said he is not worried.
“All of us artists who paint on the street know it’s ephemeral. We know every external wall is going to fall,” Chiu said. “But for a moment, it changed things. It brought people together. … That is a memory that will remain for all of history.”
He said if Trump builds another wall, he will paint the south side of that as well. Chiu wonders: If a migrant encountered his mural on the way to jump the fence, would its uplifting messages deter him from crossing?
“People think the American dream can only be lived in the U.S.,” he said. “But on this side of the border, there are dreams too. … On this side, you can also create. On this side, you can also change the world.”